Author Guidelines

Make sure to read the entire guidelines and carefully prepare your manuscript before submission.

Author(s) are discouraged from withdrawing a submitted manuscript after it is in the publication process (review, copyedit, layout, etc.,). Please note that, Public in Cybernetics had spent valuable resources besides time spent in the process.

Please note that all manuscripts are subjected to a similarity check upon submission. The manuscript with a similarity score of more than 25% will be automatically rejected.


  • Category
  • Language
  • Format and Length
  • Structure
  • Authorship
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Result and Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Heading
  • Equation
  • Table
  • Figure
  • Acknowledgement
  • Funding Information
  • References
  • Author(s) Biography


Authors must categorize their manuscript as part of the manuscript information. The category which most closely describes their manuscript should be selected from the list below. 

  • Research article involves the construction or testing of a model or framework, action research, testing of data, market research or surveys, empirical, scientific or laboratory research.
  • Review articles provides a comprehensive summary of research on a certain topic, and a perspective on the state of the field and where it is heading. Review article are often widely read (for example, by researchers looking for a full introduction to a field) and highly cited. It commonly cites approximately 100 primary references.
  • Technical paper describes and evaluates technical products, processes or services. 
  • Conceptual paper will not be based on research but will develop hypotheses. The papers are likely to be discursive and will cover philosophical discussions and comparative studies of others' work and thinking.
  • Case study describe actual interventions or experiences within organizations. They may well be subjective and will not generally report on research. A description of a legal case or a hypothetical case study used as a teaching exercise would also fit into this category.


Manuscript language is English. Make sure to proofread the manuscript writing before submission.

Although Indonesian language is acceptable at the time of submission, the use of English is highly recommended to avoid delay throughout the manuscript evaluation process. If the Indonesian language is of to be used, it should be translated into proofread-English once accepted for publication.

Format & Length

We provide the author(s) with a Generic Template of the journal. Ensure the manuscript has been carefully prepared according to the following requirements. 

  • Manuscript should be written in Ms. Word file; Other file formats (LaTex, PDF, etc.) are not acceptable.
  • It is a single-column page format with no specific page margins and line spacing are required.
  • The main body of the manuscript should be strictly divided into four main sections, i.e., Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion, and Conclusion; written in bold capital letters.
  • Manuscript length can be any number of pages, but the main body should be at least 5000 words, excluding words in Abstract, Tables, References, Appendix, Bibliography, etc.


As a whole, the manuscript should contain these elements in the following order:

  • Research category
  • A research title with a maximum of 10 (ten) words;
  • Full name of all authors;
  • Affiliation of all authors (Department/division, Institution, Address, City, and Country);
  • Email and phone no. of the corresponding author;
  • Abstract;
  • Keywords (should be 4 – 6 words);
  • Main body (Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusion);
  • Acknowledgments (as appropriate);
  • Declaration of interest statement (as appropriate);
  • Funding Information;
  • References;
  • Biography;
  • Appendices (as appropriate);


All contributing authors’ names should be added, and their names arranged in the correct order for publication. A correct email address should be supplied only by the corresponding author. The full name of each author must be present in the exact format they should appear for publication, including or excluding any middle names or initials as required. The affiliation of each contributing author should be correct on their individual author name.

The criteria of authorship are as follows; Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; final approval of the version to be published; Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.


  • It is a single paragraph of 200 – 250 words;
  • Write the abstract as a cohesive tale, beginning with broad facts of research background (no more than two lines) followed by the research problem, and then adding more about the purpose, method, results, and implications for theory and practice;
  • Avoid mentioning detailed numerical results; Instead, highlight and emphasize the main conclusion and the implication of the proposed research.

In general, the abstract provides a pertinent overview of the work consisting of background (20%); purpose (15%); method (30%); and result/findings (25%) and implication (10%).

Introduction Section

Make the introduction section as comprehensive as possible for the readers, especially for those in the particular field of research.

  • Begin with the existing body of knowledge, from a broader scope to more specific area; highlight why it is important.
  • Provide the following critical aspects adequately:
    • Discussion of the past publications including their contributions to the existing body of knowledge, and identification of the research gap;
    • The novelty of the proposed research and its rationale. Synthesize at least 5 recent key literatures (ones most closely related to the proposed research) in order to strengthen the novelty.
    • The objectives of the proposed research.
  • Refer to at least 25 references (in total); cite the latest primary references i.e., the publication from internationally reputable journals and/or conference proceedings published approx. within the last 10 years.
  • Do not use up the manuscript length by over-detailing/describing basic theoretical ground (basic theory) of a particular knowledge.

Methods Section

  • Provide structured and sufficient details of methods, techniques and/or approach used in the proposed study to allow the work to be reproducable (by other scholars) in the future.
  • For novel methods/techniques/approaches, describe it in details.
  • For well-established methods/techniques/approachesdescribe it briefly. Simply cite a reference where readers can find it more detail.
  • If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and cite the source. If any modifications to existing methods, describe it sufficiently.
  • Indicate the participants observed, including demographic data, number of respondents, the rationale of respondent selection, etc.
  • Describe the design of the experiment in details, such as the experiment procedures, surveys, interviews, observation characteristics, etc.

Results and Discussion Section

  • This section is a mixed results-discussion.
  • Emphasize more on presenting and discussing the main result.
  • Avoid extensive presentation of the following:
    • Raw (input) data.
    • Computation results obtained from step-by-step procedures in many tables and/or figures. Instead, summarize these results in a single concise and meaningful table/figure and draw the conclusion from it.
    • If either raw (input) data or those detailed results are to be presented, put it in the Appendix section. A maximum of four-page appendix is allowed.
  • A discussion should interpret the significance of the main results/findings, and not just repeat mentioning the result already shown in tables and/or figures.
  • For research on hypothesis testing, explain how the results relate to the hypothesis and provide a succinct explanation of the implications of the findings, particularly in relation to previous related studies.
  • Provide the name and version of any softwares used and make clear whether computer code used is available.

Conclusion Section

  • The conclusions should clearly answer the research objectives.
  • Highlight the main findings (not detailed numerical results), and elaborate the research implications to the research domain (industrial engineering-related domain) and to the general audience.
  • If the findings are preliminary, suggest future studies that need to be carried out.


Main headings, second-level sub-heading, and third-level sub-heading should be written with no numbering/bullet format.

  • The main Heading strictly consists of Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion, and Conclusion; written in bold capital letters.
  • The second level heading is written in bold and italic text.
  • The third-level Heading is written in italic text.
  • Any further lower-level sub-heading is written using numbering and/or bullet format.


  • Write equation using equation editor only, not as as plain text. Also, do not insert equation as an image format.
  • Insert the equation formula at the nearest possible place to the text when it is first mentioned in the manuscript.
  • It should be mentioned in the main text as “Equation (...)”.
  • The equation formula is written center-aligned with the equation number placed right-aligned as (...).


  • Create a table in tabular format (table format); not as picture/image format.
  • Provide a table name/caption that is as short but descriptive as possible, as long as it represents all the information in the table.
  • It should be written in the main text as “Table ..”.
  • Locate the table at the nearest possible place to the text when it is first mentioned in the manuscript.
  • Ensure that any superscripts or asterisks are shown next to the relevant items and have corresponding explanations displayed as footnotes to the table.


  • It should be written in the main text as “Figure ...”.
  • Locate the Figure at the nearest possible place to the text when it is first mentioned in the manuscript.
  • Keep the Figure at the smallest possible size as long as all information it contains is of clear resolution and readable.
  • Figures created in MS Word, MS PowerPoint and/or MS Excel should be supplied in their native formats.
  • Electronic figures created in other applications (software) should be copied from the origin source.
  • The font size in the figure should be proportional with the size of the figure.
  • Ensure that any superscripts or asterisks are shown next to the relevant items and have corresponding explanations displayed as footnotes to figure.


Those who contribute but do not meet all criteria for authorship should not be listed as authors, but should be acknowledged in this section. Only the names of the persons (not their roles) should be written.

Funding Information

All manuscript should include a statement of funding in the form of sentences under a separate heading entitled “Funding” right before References section. The funding agency should be written out in full, followed by the grant number in square brackets, as in the following example:

The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work was supported by the YYYY Council [grant number: XXX].

In case where no specific funding has been provided for the research, the funding statement is written as follows:

The author(s) received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.


  • Author(s) should strictly follow the IEEE reference style. The style should be carefully checked for completeness, accuracy, and consistency.
  • Include the DOI (whichever apply).
  • The total number of references should be at least 25 references.
  • The use of the most recent primary references  should be at least 60% of the total number of references.
  • The use of Mendeley as a tool in referencing is preferable and encouraged.

A reference list in alphabetical order should be supplied as follows:

  1. DVD
    [1] I. Holm, Narrator, and J. Fullerton-Smith, Producer, How to Build a Human [DVD]. London: BBC; 2002.
  2. Sound Recording
    [2] D. Fisher, Writer, and T. Baker, Presenter, Doctor Who and the Creature From the Pit [Sound recording]. Bath, UK: BBC Audiobooks, 2009.
  3. Video Recording
    [3] C. Rogers, Writer and Director, Grrls in IT [Videorecording]. Bendigo, Vic. : Video Education Australasia, 1999.
  4. YouTube/Vimeo Video
    [4] NRK. "Medieval helpdesk with English subtitles," YouTube, Feb. 26, 2007 [Video file]. Available: [Accessed: Jan. 28, 2014].
  5. Chapter or Article in Edited Book
    [5] A. Rezi and M. Allam, "Techniques in array processing by means of transformations, " in Control and Dynamic Systems, Vol. 69, Multidemsional Systems, C. T. Leondes, Ed. San Diego: Academic Press, 1995, pp. 133-180.
  6. Book: Single Author
    [6] W.-K. Chen, Linear Networks and Systems. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1993, pp. 123-135
  7. Book: Two or More Authors
    [7] U. J. Gelinas, Jr., S. G. Sutton, and J. Fedorowicz, Business Processes and Information Technology. Cincinnati: South-Western/Thomson Learning, 2004.
  8. Book: Organisation as Author
    [8] World Bank, Information and Communication Technologies: A World Bank group strategy. Washington, DC: World Bank, 2002.
  9. Book: Government Agency as Author
    [9] Australia. Attorney-Generals Department., Digital Agenda Review, 4 Vols. Canberra: Attorney- General's Department, 2003.
  10. Book: No Author
    [10] The Oxford Dictionary of Computing, 5th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.
  11. Book: Editor
    [11] D. Sarunyagate, Ed., Lasers. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996.
  12. Book: Different Editions
    [12] K. Schwalbe, Information Technology Project Management, 3rd ed. Boston: Course Technology, 2004.
  13. Scientific/Technical Report
    [13] K. E. Elliott and C.M. Greene, "A local adaptive protocol," Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, France, Tech. Rep. 916-1010-BB, 1997.
  14. Conference Paper in Print
    [14] L. Liu and H. Miao, "A specification based approach to testing polymorphic attributes," in Formal Methods and Software Engineering: Proc. of the 6th Int. Conf. on Formal Engineering Methods, ICFEM 2004, Seattle, WA, USA, November 8-12, 2004, J. Davies, W. Schulte, M. Barnett, Eds. Berlin: Springer, 2004. pp. 306-19.
  15. Conference Paper from the Internet
    [15] J. Lach, "SBFS: Steganography based file system," in Proc. of the 2008 1st Int. Conf. on Information Technology, IT 2008, 19-21 May 2008, Gdansk, Poland [Online]. Available: IEEE Xplore, [Accessed: 10 Sept. 2010].
  16. Conference Proceedings
    [16] T. J. van Weert and R. K. Munro, Eds., Informatics and the Digital Society: Social, ethical and cognitive issues: IFIP TC3/WG3.1&3.2 Open Conf.e on Social, Ethical and Cognitive Issues of Informatics and ICT, July 22-26, 2002, Dortmund, Germany. Boston: Kluwer Academic, 2003.
  17. E-book
    [17] L. Bass, P. Clements, and R. Kazman, Software Architecture in Practice, 2nd ed. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley, 2003. [Online] Available: Safari e-book.
  18. Chapter from an E-book
    [18] D. Kawecki, "Fuel preparation," in Combustion Engineering Issues for Solid Fuel Systems, B.G. Miller and D.A. Tillman, Eds. Boston, MA: Academic Press, 2008, 199-240. [Online] Available: Referex.
  19. Article from an Electronic Encyclopaedia
    [19] G. S. Thompson and M. P. Harmer, "Nanoscale ceramic composites," in Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, K. H. J. Buschow, R. W. Cahn, M. C. Flemings, B. Ilschner, E.J. Kramer, S. Mahajan, and P. Veyssière, Eds. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2001, pp. 5927-5930. [Online]. Available: ScienceDirect.
  20. Journal Article from a Full Text Database
    [20] H. Ayasso and A. Mohammad-Djafari, "Joint NDT Image Restoration and Segmentation Using Gauss-Markov-Potts Prior Models and Variational Bayesian Computation," IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 2265-77, 2010. [Online]. Available: IEEE Xplore, [Accessed Sept. 10, 2010].
  21. Journal Article from the Internet
    [21] P. H. C. Eilers and J. J. Goeman, "Enhancing scatterplots with smoothed densities," Bioinformatics, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 623-628, March 2004. [Online]. Available: [Accessed Sept. 18, 2004].
  22. Electronic Document
    [22] European Telecommunications Standards Institute, "Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB): Implementation guidelines for DVB terrestrial services; transmission aspects," European Telecommunications Standards Institute, ETSI TR-101-190, 1997. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Aug. 17, 1998].
  23. Government Publication
    [23] Australia. Department of of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Survey on Changes in Awareness and Understanding of Science, Engineering and Technology: Report on findings. Canberra: The Department; 2008. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Sept. 7, 2010].
  24. Whole Internet Site
    [24] J. Geralds, "Sega Ends Production of Dreamcast,", para. 2, Jan. 31, 2001. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Sept. 12, 2004].
  25. Journal Article in Print: Abbreviated titles
    [25] G. Liu, K. Y. Lee, and H. F. Jordan, "TDM and TWDM de Bruijn networks and shufflenets for optical communications," IEEE Trans. Comp., vol. 46, pp. 695-701, June 1997.
  26. Journal Article in Print: Full titles
    [26] J. R. Beveridge and E. M. Riseman, "How easy is matching 2D line models using local search?" IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 19, pp. 564-579, June 1997.
  27. Unpublished Thesis
    [27] M. W. Dixon, "Application of neural networks to solve the routing problem in communication networks," Ph.D. dissertation, Murdoch Univ., Murdoch, WA, Australia, 1999.
  28. Published Thesis
    [28] M. Lehmann, Data Access in Workflow Management Systems. Berlin: Aka, 2006.
  29. Thesis from a Full Text Database
    [29] F. Sudweeks, Development and Leadership in Computer-Mediated Collaborative Groups. PhD [Dissertation]. Murdoch, WA: Murdoch Univ., 2007. [Online]. Available: Australasian Digital Theses Program.

Author(s) Biography

The biographical statement should include the author(s) full name. In addition, it is also appropriate to discuss a personal history, academic program and/or field placement, and research interests. The biographical statement may not exceed 75 words for each named author.